Facts about Borobudur temple
Talking about Borobudur Temple, what do you really remember? In my memory, Borobudur Temple was once part of the 7 wonders of the world and was built during the reign of the Syailendra dynasty. Well, Borobudur Temple is not just about that. Many surprising facts
you should know.
1. Thanks to Thomas Raffles, the name of Borobudur Temple became known world
wide. Remember Sir Thomas Raffles? Yep, Raffles is the British governor general of Java. During his tenure in Java, he once wrote a book called The History of Java. In his book, Raffles describes the discovery of a huge mound of rocks buried in the ground and covered in bushes. From the book is also, the name of Borobudur Temple was first written.
2. Until now, the origin of the name of Borobudur is still unclear.
Many experts try to interpret the name of Borobudur. Raffles himself interpreted Borobudur in three versions of the name, namely Borobudur meaning Great Buddha (Boro = Great, Budur = Buddha), ancient place (Boro = name of area, Budur = ancient), and many Buddhas (Boro = Much, Buddur = Buddha ). While on the website of the Directorate General of the Ministry of Education and Culture, Borobudur means the tree of life that thrives around the temple.
3. Borobudur temple is located in a very special location
Borobudur is in a fertile and strategic area. This buddha temple is flanked by two mountains of Mount Merapi and Merbabu, Sindoro and Sumbing Mountain. Then, Menoreh Mountains also took part to ‘keep’ Borobudur Temple. In particular, two rivers, Progo and Elo, surround the Borobudur Temple.
4. The largest Buddhist temple of the world is made of volcanic beams
are arranged without any adhesive material
For those of you who have been there, must know very well that the
Borobudur Temple was built from the arrangement of volcanic beams.
Uniquely, although the blocks are arranged without glue, but this
temple remains firmly standing. The question is, where is the origin
of the volcanic block? Who compiled it? I do not know, until now it is still a mystery because there has been no research that mentions the origin of volcanic rocks.
5. Total 2672 reliefs consisting of 1212 decorative reliefs and 1460 relief stories
Borobudur temple is square with size 123 x 123 meters. There are 504 Buddhist statues located within 432 niches on a rectangular terrace and 72 perforated stupas on the roof terrace. A total of 2672 relief
sculptures consist of 1212 decorative reliefs and 1460 reliefs of Buddhist tales.
6. Each relief is a picture of the life of the Buddha Well, if you observe, there are reliefs on the walls of the temple. Remarkably, the relief is not just an ornament. A total of 1460
reliefs on the walls of the temple revolves around the life of the Buddha. One example is the story of the Buddha’s birth telling the relief stories of Jataka and Awadana.
7. Artist and Architecture Hindhu Buddha W.O.J. Nieuwenkamp mentions
that the mainland of Kedu was once an ancient lake
The controversial discovery was once conveyed by artist and
architectural Hindhu Buddha W.O.J. Nieuwenkamp. According to him,
Borobudur is the symbol of the lotus flower that floats on the surface
of the ancient lake. Well, the mainland that is pointed as an ancient
lake. However, the hypothesis W.O.J. Nieuwenkamp is still a debate
Until now, Borobudur still has many mysteries. Needs further research
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